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A long-standing staple in the quintessential English garden, roses are a fantastic way of incorporating a fragrant, floral display into your space. There are endless different colour combinations to choose from, from classic pink or romantic red to cheerful yellow and vibrant orange. Many also provide a delightful scent to greet guests as they arrive at your home or to perfume the air as you potter on the patio or garden! Here, experts at plant fertiliser brand Phostrogen® share their guide to growing and caring for roses.
There are an estimated 150 varieties of roses out there to choose from, each one as beautiful as the next! The first step to growing a beautiful rose garden is to select which type of roses you want.
Firstly, consider where you will be growing your roses – will it be planted in a pot or a border? Do you want your rose to provide privacy or to train it with a trellis? Shrub roses are typically much denser in foliage and are perfect for growing in borders. Climbing roses add height to a garden with beautiful, big blooms, and are perfect for training up garden fences. Rambling roses, on the other hand, grow much more vigorously than a climber so are wonderful trained to a trellis or tree, but are less likely to repeat flower.
Next, consider what features you want to enjoy from your roses. Some species are famous for their scent, such as the St Ethelburga, The Generous Gardener, Lady Emma Hamilton or Compassion, bringing a beautiful floral fragrance to the garden, while others are known as being repeat flowerers, such as The Times, Super Fairy or Lady Shalott, providing beautiful blooms for up to six months throughout the year.
When it comes to choosing the perfect spot for your rose garden, remember that almost all species thrive in full sun. If possible, somewhere that enjoys six to eight hours of good sun a day is ideal, but try and protect them from harsh winds, which may damage the stems.
Roses need plenty of room to grow and don’t like to share their soil, so ensure you plant them with plenty of space to grow and move. Space your rose plant approximately one metre away from other plants and around half a metre or more away from other roses to allow them space to grow.
Once you have found enough space and sunlight for your rose, the design possibilities are endless thanks to the many varieties! Planting bushes along your borders in groups of three or more forms a dense shrub for extra impact and added privacy, while placing potted rose trees along walkways or framing your front door offers a quaint look.
Roses are typically a very thirsty species and require regular watering. Whether planted in pots or in borders, soil must be kept moist, but be careful not to allow it to become waterlogged. Established roses tend to appreciate a generous water once a week, while newly planted roses will need watering more regularly.
Roses are not only thirsty, but they’re hungry, too! How else could they get to be so full of beauty and fragrance, after all? While they require minimal maintenance, they do need a good feed, so ensure you use a specialist fertiliser when you water them, such as Toprose®, as this contains iron and magnesium to guard against nutrient deficiency, prevent leaf drop and ensure vibrant flowers.
Simply scatter the granules onto the soil surface and then water them in. This will help increase root development and encourage efficient nutrient absorption for bigger, brighter and healthier shrubs, and vibrant, intensely deep-coloured roses. Ideal for when you’re transplanting new roses bushes and shrubs to help them survive the process, or for simply giving your rose garden a weekly treat!
Maintaining your roses by pruning is important to help promote healthy growth and encourage flowering year after year. The best time to embark upon pruning is usually late winter, just before active growing begins. The aim is to remove any dead wood and create good air flow to the whole plant, cutting downwards away from the bud so that water does not collect there.
Roses are susceptible to a host of diseases such as mildew, black-spot, and aphids, so pruning can also help prevent the spread of disease throughout the growing season. If you spot the signs of an infection it’s important to act fast! Simply remove any infected leaves and branches using sharp, sterilised secateurs to prevent further spread of disease to the healthy areas of the plant.
If a disease does set in, use a disease control spray like Toprose® Fungus Control & Protect, providing a fast-acting solution for controlling and protecting against major leaf diseases, including powdery mildew, box blight and rust. Simply spritz the whole plant evenly to just before run off, when drips start to form at the tips of leaves.
For more gardening advice, visit www.growwithphostrogen.co.uk.
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This story was published on: 03/06/2022
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